Birth Control Pills Side Effects: Taking Long Term A Risk?

Birth Control Pills Side EffectsBirth Control Pills Side Effects

What Are The Side Effects Of Birth Control Pills?

There can be many birth control pills side effects including intermenstrual spotting, nausea, breast tenderness, weight gain, mood changes, missed period, vaginal discharge, fluid retention, and headaches.

But It can also help in relieving acne, premenstrual syndrome and heavy periods. These are the pros and cons of birth control pills.

Birth Control Pills Side Effects:-

There can be many birth control pills side effects and I have tried to clearly put forward them under two major heads:

1) Negative Effects:

Here are some negative side effects of birth control pills:

a) Nausea Birth control pills may cause nausea because it takes time for the body to adjust to new levels of estrogen and progesterone, although this effect is observed only in the first three months of starting the pill.

b) Breast TendernessBreast tenderness can last up to 18 months from the starting and is a common side effect of birth control pills.

c) Bloating A change in the hormonal levels of the body can lead to gastric disorders, water retention and bloating but this is expected to last only in the starting six months.

d) Headaches

e) Increased Appetite

f) Blood Clots Newer birth control pills namely ‘Yasmin’ might put some women at an increased risk of blood clots in comparison to others.

g) Brown Spots On The Face- Melasma is a skin condition in which the face becomes spotted with brown spots and some oral contraceptives may cause this in the women.

h) Mood Swings i.e Depression, Anxiety and Insomnia

i) Cervical Cancer that is cancer of the cervix can also be a negative effect of birth control pills.

2) Positive Effects-

Here are some positive side effects of birth control pills:

  1. Reduced risk of certain cancers such as Endometrial cancer.
  2. Reduced Acne- Acne and pimples are caused because of high levels of male hormones like androgen and by balancing them out with female hormones like estrogen and progesterone can effectively reduce acne.
  3. Fewer chances of anemia Birth control pills have been observed to boost iron levels and hemoglobin levels which are the two most known possible causes of anemia, and thus it can help in reducing chances of the disorder.
  4. Reduced chances of pregnancy

Risks Of Birth Control Pills:

The risks of birth control pills increase because many times birth control pills are taken to address situations like cramping, spotting, and acne instead of the actual problems for which they are meant that is birth control.

The negative side effects of oral contraceptives have been discussed above already but in addition to this, there are certain other risks to which a lady is put due to the consumption of birth control pills.

These are Increased risks of cervical and breast cancer, migraines, high levels of blood pressure, gastric disorders, gallbladder disease, Non-cancerous liver tumors and an increased risk of blood clotting.

Side Effects Of Getting Off Birth Control Pills

There can be many side effects of getting off birth control pills and this is because birth control pills are mainly hormones the artificial release of which in the body changes its internal environment and therefore getting off birth control pills can have side effects like

1) You might get pregnant

2) Irregular, heavier and  periods with Cramps

3) Premenstrual syndrome may return

4) Reduced weight

5) Vaginal discharge

6) Acne

Side Effects Of Birth Control Pills For Teenagers

The birth control pills side effects for teenagers is somewhat similar to the others including breast tenderness, spotting, nausea, headaches, clotting, hypertension, High blood pressure, blood clotting, vaginal discharge, mood swings, bacterial infection, acne yeast, brown spots on the face and even increased acne in some.

It is not necessary that during the course of taking oral contraception pills you might face such problems, but if you do consult a doctor can help you find a solution.

The pros and cons of OC Pills can be both positive and negative, also if negative they can be fought with.

Long Term Side Effects Of Birth Control Pills

Long-term side effects of birth control pills include hypertension, blood clots, weight gain, heart attack, stroke, and such effects can be increased by smoking.

Long-term use of artificial hormones can also cause depression and anxiety due to lack of vitamin B2, B6, and B12.

Hence required and prescribed use of birth control pills in addition to a healthy lifestyle can help you keep away from all of the above-mentioned problems and also help you serve the purpose of avoiding pregnancy.

If you have not faced any such problem in your course of consumption then you can take birth control pills as long as you want but if you do face such problems then consultation is important.

If the pros and cons of birth control pills are being faces abnormally then doctor’s prescription can help tackle the situation.

How Effective Are Birth Control Pills?

So how effective are birth control pills? Birth control pills are 91% effective if taken on a daily basis and in an appropriate manner. Although there are still 9% chances of failures in case you skip a dose or start on a new pill.

Non-Hormonal Birth Control Pills

Non-hormonal birth control pills include the following methods:

1) Diaphragm a small, flexible cup that a woman inserts in her vagina so that it covers her cervix avoiding the sperm from entering the uterus.

2) Cervical Cap– this is like a small diaphragm and it does not contain hormones.

3) spermicide– placed in the vagina before intercourse so as to avoid the sperm from entering the uterus.

4) Female and Male condoms.

5) Sponge plastic foam with spermicide covering the cervix and preventing the sperm from entering.

6) IUCD- Intra Uterine Contraceptive Device is a non-hormonal barrier method that prevents pregnancy for 10 years and is available under the brand name Paragard.

A copper wire releases small amounts of copper thus preventing the sperm from entering the cervix.

7) Sterilization is a permanent method of avoiding pregnancy in which the doctor inserts a tiny spring-like device through the vagina to fallopian tubes causing them to inflame and in turn permanent blocking of the tubes.


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