Port Wine Stain or Red Birthmark | Removal Treatment

PORT WINE STAINPort wine stain

Port wine stain or Red birthmark is a mark that develops because of the swollen blood vessels. About 3 out of every 1,000 children are born with this birthmark which is pink-to-reddish in color.

It is like the discoloration on the skin and looks as if someone has spilled wine on the skin (not literally though). These port wine stains are not harmful. Neither do they pose any threat to the health of a baby?

Port wine stains can appear anywhere in the whole body but are most visible on the face. These are large and bumpy in size. Let’s learn more about port wine stains:

Port Wine Stain On Leg:

port-wine-stain on leg

When red birthmark is found on the leg it is because the leg of the baby in the embryo must have been wrapped in the umbilical cord. It may stretch from the hip area till the feet.

Port wine stain on the leg can either be in small patches or a continuous patch. When it is new or in the initial phase it is dark or purplish in color.

But with the advancement of age, it darkens even more and is permanent.

Port Wine Stain Arm:

If there’s a large port wine stain on the arm, it may be referred to as the Klippel Trenaunay syndrome. On the arms as well, port wine stains are a vascular malformation.

These stains can be continuous or can occur in separate patches throughout the arms. They can also be treated by way of the laser.

Well, of course, port wine stains on arms might lessen your self-confidence, but patience is the key.

Port Wine Stain Causes:


The scientific name for port wine stain is Naevus Flammeus or Red Birthmark, it is also called a Firemark. It is important to know the port wine stain causes.

It is a vascular malformation. This is to say that red birthmark develops because of the abnormal development of tiny blood vessels.

They are formed in babies because their blood vessels are dilated, i.e. they are too big. In normal cases, our microscopic nerves keep the blood vessels small or constricted.

This keeps the skin pale. The nerves that control the blood vessels do not work well and hence the blood vessels remain dilated permanently.

This results in the skin looking red. This is the cause of port wine stains.

Port Wine Stain Hereditary:

You might be wondering whether port wine stain is hereditary or not.

Certainly, there is a genetic mutation responsible for the occurrence of port wine stains. Hence, it is common for the parents having port wine stains to have children with port wine stains.

Also, there is a genetic predisposition to the malformations of blood vessels in the babies having port wine stains. Therefore, it is safe to say that port wine stains definitely do have a genetic or hereditary nature.

Port Wine Stain Complications:

Sturge Weber Syndrome

Nevertheless, port wine stains are not dangerous and are harmless to health, yet they come with some serious complications. Read below to know more about port wine stains complications are as below:

  • GLAUCOMA: If the birthmark is around the eyes, it causes glaucoma, that is a raised pressure within the eyes that affects the vision.
  • STURGE WEBER SYNDROME: if the red birthmark extends up to forehead and scalp, and is large, it becomes a rare disorder that affects the eyes and brain. This is called Sturge Weber syndrome.
  • SOFT TISSUE HYPERTROPHY: Where ever the birthmark is situated, the tissue beneath it starts to enlarge. This is called soft tissue hypertrophy.
  • KLIPPEL-TRENAUNAY SYNDROME: when the blood vessels fail to form perfectly, children develop port wine stain on their limbs and this develops the complication.

Port Wine Stain Treatment:

Now you are aware of the fact that port wine stains are of permanent nature. Hence there are several kinds of treatment for port wine stains. Read further to know more about its treatment.

Port Wine Stain Before And After: 

Port wine stains are different for every child having it. Therefore the treatment also varies depending upon certain factors.

But how about knowing of port wine stain before and after? Let’s read below.Port Wine Stain removal

The most common treatment for port wine stains is – pulsed dye laser.

This treatment of port wine stain effects quickly but it is recommended that you check with your doctor every 2-4 weeks.

Any laser treatment doesn’t get completed in one sitting and takes at least 3-4 sittings. The treatment also includes a localized anesthetic.

In spite of it being the most common treatment, it comes with several side effects:

  • Redness,
  • Bruising,
  • Blistering,
  • Scabbing

Port Wine Stain Removal Cream: The Illuminatural 6i Advance Skin Lightener by Skinception is the most credible port wine stain removal cream for treating. It is lab tested and claims to reduce the hyperpigmentation.

Port Wine Stain Removal:

Port Wine Stain Removal For Infants: In infants, red birthmark can be removed by the laser therapy itself. This treatment starts in infancy itself.

The reason behind this is that the blood vessels are small and are easy to treat. The earlier it starts, the sooner it disappears.

This kind of treatment generally becomes uncomfortable for the kids and hence they are given anesthetic. So the port wine stain removal for infants comes with the most common laser therapy.

Port Wine Stain Removal Cost: Since laser therapy is a little costly, you need to know the exact port wine removal cost.

The cost varies from hospitals to hospitals. However, a typical port wine removal cost ranges from 25 $ – 5125 $ with an average cost of 1500 $. It needs 2-3 sittings and per sitting cost is 500$ – 1500$.

How To Get Rid Of Port Wine Stains Naturally:

Undoubtedly, there are ways of getting rid of those red colored blotches from the skin. And natural ways form one part of those methods. Follow these steps and know how to get rid of port wine stains naturally:

  • Have a diet rich in antioxidants
  • Selenium and vitamin E supplements are highly recommended.
  • Include plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables in your daily diet.
  • Application of skin creams containing vitamin E is another way
  • You can also use lemon juice.
  • A mask made of oatmeal can help
  • Apply papaya and apricot on the concerned area.

Port Wine Stain Vs Nevus Simplex :

It sometimes gets really hard to differentiate between a  Nevus Simplex (stork bite) and port wine stain.

They are both completely different but on observance might appear same. So to lessen your anticipation here below is the clear-cut difference,  that is Nevus Simplex Vs port wine stain:

  • COLOR: Nevus Simplex are flat and pinkish in color like a salmon patch. Port wine stain has the color of grape juice or wine like red, pink or purple.
  • LOCATION: Nevus Simplex most commonly appear on the back of the neck or at the nape and get hidden by hair. Port wine stain can occur on any part of the body but usually shows up on the face.
  • SIZE: Nevus Simplex are flat and small however port wine stains are large and bumpy.
  • PERMANENCE: While Nevus Simplex disappears and fade away with time, port wine stains are permanent.
  • DARKNESS: Nevus Simplex deepen in color with some vigorous activity. Port wine stains deepen in color with age. They persist throughout life.

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