What Is Ovulation | When And How Long Do You Ovulate?
Recently Updated On: June 17th, 2018
What Is Ovulation?
Ovulation is a big word, not literally of course, but a bit difficult to comprehend by a layman. Women generally are not aware of this term, when they should definitely be.
While preparing to get pregnant women come across this mysterious term- ovulation, and are not completely familiar with the absolute meaning of it.
So to unravel the mystery revolving around ovulation, here is all you need to know about it. Down below is ovulation-an overview.
Ovulation is the process whereby the eggs or matured ovum is released from one of a woman’s ovaries. The matured ovary follicle bursts on the surface of the ovary and releases its oocyte.
After the ovum is expelled from the ovary, it moves towards the uterus through the nearby fallopian tubes. It is a common myth that ovaries take turns to release eggs or ovum.
In fact, whichever ovary has a matured egg, it releases the egg. The ovum remains in the fallopian tube for 12-24 hours whereby it is viable for fertilization or can say this is the best time to get pregnant.
Also, during this process, the walls of the uterus are preparing to protect the egg in case it gets fertilized.
If it doesn’t get fertilized, the uterus lining or the endometrium sheds and that is the menstrual bleeding that is known as periods. So now you have the answer of what is ovulation?
When Do You Ovulate?
Many women have this basic question that when do her ovulate? And there is atypical disbelief around it that women ovulate in the middle of the menstrual cycle.
Ovulation is known as the fertile window of a your’s reproductive phase. Therefore it is necessary to know that when do you ovulate. You ovulate generally 14th day, before your next period due date.
Every woman has a different menstrual cycle length. So accordingly, a few days, say two weeks or day-14 before your 1st day of next menstrual cycle date is the time when you ovulate.
For example, If your average menstrual cycle is 28 days, you ovulate around day-14 or If your average menstrual cycle is 35 days, you ovulate around day-21.
But this is the general rule, that may often deviate 2-3 days due to various reasons like stress, exertion, travelling, some medicinal side effects, hormonal dis balance, etc.
How Long Do You Ovulate?
Well, just so you are precise with the ovulation date and do not get any false time period for conceiving, it becomes vital to know how long do you ovulate.
At the time of birth, female fetus has a 20 lakhs (2 million) of eggs. But eleven thousand of them die every month before reaching to puberty. When a female reaches at the age of puberty, she is left with only about 300000 eggs.
Every month during the menstrual cycle, oocytes develop. Every month whichever ovary has a dominant mature ovum, it releases that ova and ovulation begins.
Needless to say, you ovulate when the egg gets released from the ovary.
It remains viable for fertilization for 12-24 hours and if it doesn’t gets fertilized it disintegrates and then you being with periods, thereby ending the ovulation phase.
How Long Does Ovulation Last?
This is also known as the fertile window. So basically, this is the time which is right to get pregnant. Therefore, you must know how long does ovulation last in order to be accurate with your pregnancy planning.
The egg which is matured and is dominant gets released by the ovaries and travels through the fallopian tubes towards the uterus.
This egg takes about 12-24 hours to reach the uterus and this is the length of ovulation.
This means that this period is the most fertile period when the sperm can meet the egg to be fertilized. If not, the egg starts getting disintegrated.
LH Surge And Getting Pregnant:
LH stands for luteinizing hormone that plays a very important role in the female reproductive system. Luteinizing hormone is secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland.
This hormone is secreted in lower levels during the menstrual cycle. Once the menstrual cycle starts coming close to the ovulatory phase, the LH levels start rising, or they surge.
This increases the estrogen hormone levels that activates the ovulation process and triggers the beginning of the fertile period.
Luteinizing hormone also helps in the maturation of corpus luteam which is a form of follicle. This corpus luteam secretes progesterone, a hormone that provides nourishment to the fertilized egg.
LH surge is therefore very important and is directly related to getting pregnant. When the LH levels rise, the ovulation process is triggered and ovum is released this is the most fertile time for the woman to get pregnant.
The ovum remains in the tubes for about 24 hours and during this if it doesn’t meet the sperm it collapses and the fertile period ends.
Hence LH surge and getting pregnant are directly related.
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