Vaccination Starting Age, Schedule and its Importance?
Recently Updated On: June 6th, 2018
IMPORTANCE OF VACCINATION
Our children are the small plants of our garden. So we have to protect them from outer dangers. You might be have heard that prevention is better than cures, hence vaccination is indeed protection to our babies.
As our day to day life like eating healthy food, routine exercise, drinking plenty of water, sports, etc. Vaccination also plays a vital role in our life. Getting their child vaccinated should be the first precious parental gift provided by the parents.
Because vaccines are one of the most convenient and safest preventive cares. It is the boon given by our scientists to us. As according to HT Approx. 1.2 million children died in 2015 of preventable causes. Most of the deaths were caused by diseases curable and treatable.
Think, It’s very heartbreaking when you tell parents that your child has died due to the disease for which we have the vaccination. The disease caused by the germs that can be transferred easily to whom who has not vaccinated.
According to some myths, vaccination creates disability or sometimes causes death. But as per WHO and CDC, it is impossible to catch a disease from vaccines.
The most important facts with vaccines are that you can prevent the affects of some diseases by vaccination only; else you have no cure for them.
HOW VACCINES WORK?
The vaccines protect you from the diseases. It develops your immune system to fight against germs. Vaccines provide you protection against diseases caused by germs (virus and bacteria).
Vaccines contain the minimum required quantity of germs itself that cause disease. However, the quantity of germ in vaccines is too less and its efficiency is too weakened that no one can sick from it.
When it injected into your body, your body assumes it disease germs. [Sometimes causing mild fever after vaccination is the reason behind].
After taking vaccine your body starts developing antibodies (the proteins) against the germs in vaccines. The antibodies destroy the vaccine germs by assuming as it would be the disease germs.
These developed antibodies remain in your body for a long time and ready to fight off the real germs whenever they enter into your body. Although some antibodies stay in your body for a long time and remember how to fight off the germs.
But some requires a booster dose of vaccines to stay in the body for the rest of your life.
IMMUNIZATION SCHEDULE 2018:
VACCINES AT BIRTH:
The vaccine should be given within 24 hours of birth
VACCINES FOR 6 WEEK (1.5 MONTHS) BABY:
- Hepatitis B– dose II®
- Diphtheria, Tetanus and Acellular Pertussis (a whooping cough)-dose I®
- Haemophilus influenza B/ Meningitis (HIB Type B)-dose I®
- Inactivated Polio Vaccine-dose I®
- Rotavirus-dose I®
- Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV)-dose I
VACCINE FOR 10TH WEEK (2.5 MONTHS) BABY:
- Diphtheria, Tetanus and Acellular Pertussis ( whooping cough, DTP)-dose II®
- Haemophilus influenza B/ Meningitis (HIB Type B)-dose II®
- Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV)-dose-II®
- Rotavirus-dose II®
- Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV)-dose II
VACCINES FOR 14th WEEK (3.5 YEAR) BABY:
- Diphtheria, Tetanus and Acellular Pertussis (a whooping cough, DTP)-dose III®
- Haemophilus influenza B/ Meningitis-dose III®
- Rotavirus-dose III®
- Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV)-dose III
- Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV)-dose-III®
VACCINE FOR 6 MONTH BABY
VACCINE FOR 9 MONTH BABY
VACCINE FOR >1 YEAR BABY
VACCINE FOR 15 MONTHS BABY
VACCINE FOR 16-18 MONTHS BABY
- Diphtheria, Tetanus and Acellular Pertussis (a whooping cough, DTP) – booster dose I®
- Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV)-booster dose-I®
- Haemophilus influenza B/ Meningitis (HIB Type B)-booster dose I®
VACCINE FOR 18 MONTH BABY
- Hepatitis A-Dose II®
VACCINE FOR 2 YEARS BABY
- Typhoid Vaccine-dose I®
VACCINE FOR 5 YEARS BABY
- Typhoid Vaccine– dose II®
- Diphtheria, Tetanus and Acellular Pertussis (a whooping cough, DTP) – booster dose II®
- OPV– Dose IV®
- Varicella Vaccine (Chickenpox)-dose II
- Measles, Mumps & Rubella Vaccine (MMR)-dose III®
VACCINE FOR 10-12 YEAR CHILD
Some vaccines are declared as mandatory by Government of India and Indian Academy of Paediatrics. Those we have mentioned here with a sign- ®.
THINGS TO REMEMBER BEFORE VACCINATION:
The child vaccination must be followed as per schedule has given above and under the guidance of a doctor. The parents can take the prior appointment of 2-3 days from the doctor for a vaccination.
If the baby found sick or get a mild fever, you should wait for 2-3 days for vaccination.
Baby should not get vaccination until he/she find of good health or parents can take consult with their doctor. But no delay or absence of any vaccine would be advisable.
Some companies also provide vaccination SMS facility. You can enroll in it by providing your details to them and get the SMS reminder facility until the age of 12 years of your child.
This facility keeps remember you to exact time of your child vaccination. Once you enrolled in it, they will send you an SMS to your enrolled mobile number on vaccination due date.
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