When To Start Solid Foods?
As long as your baby shows signs of readiness, your child’s doctor may say you can start solid foods any time around 6 months.
Until then, breast milk or formula provides all the calories and nourishment your baby needs – and can handle. Infants don’t yet have the physical skills to swallow solid foods safely, and their digestive system simply isn’t ready for solids until they’re about 6 months old.
(Note that there’s some controversy on this topic. While the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) section on breastfeeding recommends that babies be exclusively breastfed for the first six months, the AAP’s nutrition section and guidelines for pediatricians recommend starting solids at 4 to 6 months.)
There are several ways you can decide that when to start solid foods to your baby:
- Your baby’s birth weight has doubled.
- Your baby can control their head and neck movements.
- Your baby can sit up with some support.
- Your baby can show you they are full by turning their head away or by not opening their mouth.
- Your baby begins showing interest in food when others are eating.
Below the age of six months keeps your baby exclusively on breastfeeding, if anyhow cannot provide breastfeed then may start formula feed till six months. Here below up to 0 – 24 months schedule, the age-wise chart will help you to measure how much amount of breastfeeding/ formula feed along with or without solid foods with feeding schedule is sufficient for your baby:
Baby Food Chart
|Age (Months)||Breastfeeding/ Formula Feeding (ml) with Schedule||Solid Foods (gm) with Schedule|
|Birth to 1 month||60-120 ml[2-3 oz]
(Every 2 hours)
|1 to 4 months||120-210 ml [4-7 oz]
(Every 2-3 hours)
|5 to 6 months||180-240 ml [6-8 oz]
(Every 4-5 hours)
|6 to 8 months||180-240 ml [6-8 oz]
(Every 4-5 hours)
|30-40 gms (2 to 3 times a day) Suggested foods: Pulses (Daal) water, mashed banana, semolina (suji) mixed with milk.|
|9 to 12 months||180-240 ml [6-8 oz]
( 3 to 4 times a day)
|40-50 gms (3 to 4 times a day)
Suggested foods: Mashed or small pieces of fruits, cereals, eggs, steamed idlis, bread or soft chappatis as finger food.
Soft cooked vegetables, Washed and peeled fruits, Graham crackers, Melba toast
|1 to 1.5 years||180-240 ml [6-8 oz]
( 2 to 3 times a day )
|50-60 gms (3-5 times a day ) Suggested foods: Introduce cow’s milk, chappatis, khichdi, porridge, soft parathas.|
|1.5 to 2 years||If Required||As per the diet (3-4 times a day)
Suggested foods: All kinds of soft and nonspicy foods. Oatmeal, rice, veggies, soup, fruits, milk.
What To Feed Babies At 6 Months?
6 to 8 MONTHS
At this age, your baby will probably eat about 5 to 7 times per day but will eat more at each feeding than the first 6 months.
- If you feed formula, your baby will eat about 6 to 8 ounces (180 to 240 ml) per feeding, but should not have more than 32 ounces (960 ml) in 24 hours.
- You can start to introduce solid foods at age 6 months. Most of your baby’s calories should still come from breast milk or formula. Do not add fat to your baby’s diet.
- Breast milk is not a good source of iron. So after 6 months, your baby will start to need more iron in their diet. Start solid feedings with iron-fortified baby cereal mixed with breast milk or formula. Mix it with enough milk so that the texture is very thin. Start by offering the cereal 2 times a day, in just a few spoonfuls.
- You can make the mixture thicker as your baby learns to control it in her mouth.
- You can also introduce iron-rich pureed meats, fruits, and vegetables. Try green peas, carrots, sweet potatoes, squash, applesauce, pears, bananas, and peaches.
- Some dietitians recommend introducing a few vegetables before fruits. The sweetness of fruit may make some vegetables less appealing.
- The amount your child eats will vary between 2 tablespoons (30 grams) and 2 cups (480 grams) of fruits and vegetables per day. How much your child eats depends on their size and how well they eat fruits and vegetables.
Not To Do List
While knowing when to start solid foods, you should also know the things that never do when your baby at 6th months:
- Never give honey to your baby. It may contain bacteria that can cause botulism (poisoning caused by toxins), a rare, but serious illness.
- DO NOT give your baby cow’s milk until they are 1 year old. Babies under age 1 have a difficult time digesting cow’s milk.
- Never put your child to bed with a bottle. This can cause tooth decay. If your baby wants to suck, give them a pacifier.
- Use a small spoon when feeding your baby.
- It is fine to start to give your baby water between feedings.
- DO NOT give your baby cereal in a bottle unless your pediatrician or dietitian recommends it, for example, for reflux.
- Only offer your child new foods when they are hungry.
- Introduce new foods one at a time, waiting for 2 to 3 days between. That way you can watch for allergic reactions. Signs of an allergy include diarrhea, rash, or vomiting.
- Avoid foods with added salt or sugar.
- Feed your baby directly from the jar only if you use the entire jar contents. Otherwise, use a dish to prevent food-borne illness.
- Opened containers of baby’s food should be covered and stored in a refrigerator for no longer than 2 days.
What To Feed Babies At 9 Months?
9 to 12 MONTHS OF AGE
At this age, you can start solid such as finger foods in small amounts. Your baby will probably let you know they are ready to start feeding themselves by grabbing the food or spoon with their hand or mouth.
Feed your babies at 9 months with good finger foods include:
- Soft cooked vegetables
- Washed and peeled fruits
- Graham crackers
- Melba toast
You can also introduce teething foods, such as:
- Toast strips
- Unsalted crackers and bagels
- Teething biscuits
Continue to offer your baby breast milk or formula 3 to 4 times per day at this age.
Things to Be remember:
- Avoid foods that may cause chokings, such as apple chunks or slices, grapes, berries, raisins, dry flake cereals, hot dogs, sausages, peanut butter, popcorn, nuts, seeds, round candies, and raw vegetables.
- You can give your child egg yolks 3 to 4 times per week. Some babies are sensitive to egg whites. So DO NOT offer them until after age 1.
- You can offer small amounts of cheese, cottage cheese, and yogurt, but no cow’s milk.
- By age 1, most children are from the bottle. If your child still uses a bottle, it should contain water only.
What To Feed Babies At 1 Year Of AGE?
1 YEAR OLD BABY FOOD CHART
- At your 1-year-old baby food chart, you may add whole milk in place of breast milk or formula.
- Most mothers in the U.S. wean their babies by this age. But it is also fine to continue to nurse if you and your baby want to.
- DO NOT give your child low-fat milk (2%, 1%, or skim) until after age 2. When you started solid foods, your baby’s age was 6th month and the needs were different now your baby needs the extra calories from fat to grow and develop.
- Feeding babies at 1 year of age will get most of their nutrition from proteins, fruits and vegetables, bread and grains, and dairy. You can make sure your baby gets all the vitamins and minerals they need by offering a variety of foods.
- Your child will start to crawl and walk and be much more active. They will eat smaller amounts at a time but will eat more often (4 to 6 times a day). Having snacks on hand is a good idea.
- At this age, their growth slows. They will not double in size like they did when they were an infant.
Things to Be remember:
- If your child dislikes a new food, try giving it again later. Often it takes several tries for children to take to new foods.
- DO NOT give your child sweets or sweetened beverages. They can spoil their appetite and cause tooth decay.
- Avoid salt, strong spices, and caffeine products, including soft drinks, coffee, tea, and chocolate.
- If your baby is fussy, they may need attention, rather than food.
2 Years Old Baby Food Menu
Your 2 years old baby food menu should be moderately low in fat. A high-fat diet can lead to heart disease, obesity, and other health problems later in life.
- Your child should eat a variety of foods from each of the food groups: bread and grains, proteins, fruits and vegetables, and dairy.
- If your water is not fluoridated, it is a good idea to use toothpaste or mouthwash with fluoride added.
All children need plenty of calcium to support their growing bones. But not all kids get enough. Good sources of calcium include:
- Low-fat or nonfat milk, yogurt, and cheese
- Cooked greens
- Canned salmon (with bones)
If your child’s started with solid foods including balance and healthy diet at their proper age, they should not need a vitamin supplement. Some kids are picky eaters, but usually, they still get all the nutrients they need. If you are concerned, ask your health care provider whether your child needs a children’s multivitamin. source:https://medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000713.htm
When to Call Your Pediatrician
Call the Pediatrician if you are concerned your child:
- Is not eating enough
- Is eating too much
- Is gaining too much or too little weight
- Has an allergic reaction to food
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