Pros And Cons Of Birth Control Pills: FAQ

Recently Updated On: June 10th, 2018

Pros And Cons Of Birth Control Pillspros and cons of birth control pills

Margaret Sengar said, “Knowledge of birth control is essentially moral.”

Birth control pills are types of medicines that are taken on a daily basis so as to avoid pregnancy.

They help in avoiding pregnancy by preventing ovulation. Except for that, the pill offers other benefits too.

Under the pros and cons of birth control pills the pros are reduced bleeding and cramping, lighter periods, reduced pain during ovulation, reduced ovarian cysts and acne, interruption-free intercourse, protection against ovarian and endometrial cancer, reduced chances of ectopic pregnancy ( a situation in which the fetus develops outside the uterus, in the fallopian tube).

The cons of birth control pills are that they do not act as protection against sexually transmitted diseases and have to be taken daily religiously.

They may also delay menstrual cycles and reduce milk if taken at the time of breastfeeding. Hence these are some of the pros and cons of birth control pills.

PROS:

a) Reduced risk of certain cancers such as endometrial cancer.

b) Reduced acne- Acne, and pimples are caused because of high levels of male hormones like androgen and by balancing them out with female hormones like estrogen and progesterone can effectively reduce acne.

c) Fewer chances of anemia- Contraceptive pills have been observed to boost iron levels and hemoglobin levels which are the two most known possible causes of anemia, and thus it can help in reducing chances of the disorder.

d) Reduced chances of pregnancy

CONS:

Frequently Asked Questions

pros and cons of birth control pills

Do Birth Control Pills Cause Cancer?

Do birth control pills cause cancer? Studies suggest that women who take oral contraceptive pills are more vulnerable to the risk of breast cancer and cervical cancer whereas the risk of endometrial, ovarian and colorectal cancer is low among such women.

Breast CancerWomen who did consume oral contraceptives are at a 7% more risk as compared to women who did not. Among the ages of 20-49, women who took high dose estrogen contraceptive pills are more prone to higher risks of breast cancer.

Also, the time duration of the oral contraceptive influences the risk of breast cancer positively.

Cervical Cancer- The risk of cervical cancer has been observed to be associated with the time duration for which women have taken contraceptive pills.

For instance, women who have taken OC pills for less than 5 years are prone to 10% risk of suffering from cervical cancer, for more than 5 and less than 9 years of oral contraceptive intake the risk increases to 60% and gets doubled if consumed for more than 10 years.

Endometrial Cancer- The endometrium is the outer lining of the uterus and women after the age of 60 or after their reproductive age become prone to endometrium cancer.

Oral contraceptives reduce the risk of this cancer up to 24% if taken for 5 years and the protection could last for 30 long years even after the intake is stopped. This is the pros of birth control pills.

Ovarian Cancer- Women who have ever used contraceptive pills are at a 30-50% lower risk of suffering from ovarian cancer and this risk reduces with an increase in the duration for which a woman takes O C pills covering up to three decades even after she has stopped.

Does Alcohol Affect Birth Control Pills?

Although alcohol does not have any direct impact on the influence of the contraceptive pills it definitely increases alcohol level in the blood leading to quicker and more intense intoxication which means that you might get intoxicated faster than you used to, before you took the pill.

The levels of alcohol in blood increase because hormones present in the OC pills increase the liver’s capacity to metabolize alcohol.

Also, there is a threat that you miss on your medicine which can cause complexities in future. Hence, alcohol affects birth control pills indirectly, if not directly.

Do Birth Control Pills Stop Periods?

Birth control pills introduce hormones within your body because of which your menstrual cycle may get disturbed. Usually, women who take continuous contraceptive pills observe spotting or light periods.

‘Seasonal’, ‘Seasonique’ and ‘Yaz’ are popular brands, the course of these pills is a continuous intake of active pills for 3 weeks and an intake of inactive pills for a week.

 Not completely but yes there can be spotting during the inactive weeks and you might get periods only three to four times in a year. Hence reducing periods is another pros and cons of birth control pills.

Do Birth Control Pills Cause Anxiety?

All the forms of contraceptive pills have some version of estrogen and progesterone which along worth testosterone control your cycle.

The balance of serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine which are the ‘calming’ hormones in the brain can get disturbed due to OC pills.

Low levels of estrogen cause low levels of serotonin thus causing depression and low levels of progesterone trigger anxiety attacks.

Birth control pills not only cause anxiety but also depression and insomnia. These are the pros and cons of birth control pills.

Birth Control Pills After Sex

If one has had unprotected sex, there are two emergency ways of avoiding pregnancy:

1) A paragard IUD within 120 hours of unprotected sex can help to avoid pregnancy in the easiest of ways.

2) The intake of an emergency birth control pill within 120 hours of unprotected sex can also help in avoiding pregnancy.

These pills are also known as morning-after pills. Hence the pros and cons of intake birth control pills after sex but within 120 hours can help in preventing pregnancy.

Birth Control Pills And Pregnancy

Birth control pills and pregnancy are associated and have a success rate of 99% if taken typically which means that if they are taken at the same time every day without any delay.

Oral contraceptives and progestin-only pills can fail in 9% cases after the typical use that is the case when you skip a dose or you have just started consumption of OC pills.

Factors leading to increased risks of pregnancy are high consumption of alcohol which might make you skip the pill or delay its consumption, also certain medications influence the capacity of the pill.

Also if you just started taking your pill after the period ended, it makes you safe but in case you started on any random day of the month then you must take precautions for about seven days from the day you started taking the pill so as to protect yourself from a nonplanned pregnancy.

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