Preeclampsia Risk Factors | How To Reduce Them ?
Recently Updated On: June 6th, 2018
Preeclampsia Risk Factors
Certain risk factors are associated with preeclampsia.
- The risks are high for both women in early teens and women older than 40.
- Every pregnancy with a new partner also increases the risks of preeclampsia.
- Women carrying more than one child are at huge risk of this condition.
- Chronic hypertension in women results in developing preeclampsia during pregnancy
- Low or wide intervals between pregnancies, like less than 2 years or more than 10 years also risk it.
- Your risk of preeclampsia is increased if your baby was conceived with In Vitro Fertilization (IVF).
- The risk is also higher if you are obese.
- The risk of developing preeclampsia is highest during your first pregnancy.
- A personal or family history of raises your risk of preeclampsia.
You must highly consider all the preeclampsia risk factors and save any future complications. Therefore prenatal care is paid much attention to preventing this complication.
Foods To Limit With Preeclampsia
Certain foods and beverages should not be consumed during pregnancy, especially if there is a family history of preeclampsia.
- Foods and drinks that are processed, contain refined sugars, caffeine or alcohol may contribute to preeclampsia hence should be prevented.
- In addition, a diet with vitamin D deficiency may increase the chances of preeclampsia. It is highly advisable to take a vitamin D rich diet.
- Foods high in vitamin C and E may also help prevent preeclampsia or postpartum preeclampsia.
- Cut fatty foods from your meals.
- Eliminate salt intake or high sodium in your diet to prevent having high blood pressures.
- Eating garlic when pregnant may help reduce high blood pressure.
Preeclampsia Treatment Magnesium
In severe cases of preeclampsia, it is often recommended to take anti-seizure medications. One such medication is called magnesium sulphate.
Magnesium is a mineral that is highly effective to treat and prevent seizures. The doctors recommend magnesium treatment for preeclampsia and provide magnesium intravenously.
They may also provide magnesium through veins. They wait for the delivery for about 2 days to give enough time to the baby’s lungs to develop.
The preeclampsia treatment with magnesium sulphate has proven to be very effective to prevent any preeclamptiatic symptoms in the pregnant woman.
How To Reduce Preeclampsia Risk Factors?
You have already got information on the preeclampsia risk factors and you would sure want to know the several ways in which you can reduce them, wouldn’t you? Here below is your solution:
- Since conceiving in your early teens or after 40 has the highest risk of preeclampsia, you need to be aware of this and prevent late or too early pregnancy.
- There should not be too low or too wide interval between two pregnancies. The gap should be more than 2 years and less than 10 years.
- If it is your first pregnancy, you should take additional care to maintain a healthy body weight to accommodate the growing baby. Also, you should make regular clinical visits to be updated about any potential complications in your pregnancy
- If you are obese, make sure to follow a low-fat nutritious diet routine recommended by your doctor. Your obesity is not good for both of you.
- Women with more than one baby must be careful with their blood pressure levels and get it checked regularly to avoid any delays in the treatment.
- Appropriate exercise and minerals rich foods are highly advisable during pregnancy. Food rich in magnesium, potassium, protein, vitamin D, E, and B should be consumed in the daily diet.
- Having fiber intake also reduces the risk factors for preeclampsia.
The aforementioned do’s and don’ts will extensively reduce the preeclampsia risk factors and save you of any further threats or complications in your pregnancy.