STEPS FOR PRECONCEPTION CARE:
Congrats! to You & your partner for planned your pregnancy. By knowing the benefits of planning your pregnancy, you may increase your conception rate by 12%. Now you should have followed some preconception care steps, given here for safe and healthy pregnancy.
By following Preconception care steps you can increase the chances of having a healthy baby. Some women take few months to get their body ready for pregnancy. Whether this is your first, second, or the next baby, the following important steps will help you to get ready for the healthiest pregnancy possible.
MEDICATIONS FOR PRECONCEPTION CARE:
Taking certain medicines without consulting your doctor or pharmacist during pregnancy can cause serious birth defects. These include some prescription, dietary supplements, over-the-counter (OTC) medications and herbal supplements.
If you are planning a pregnancy, you should consult the need for any medication with your doctor as preconception care and make sure you are taking only those medications that are necessary. Also, you should keep away yourself from patients having contaminated diseases such as flu, Tuberculosis, Hepatitis or other Viral infections.
STOP CONTRACEPTIVE PILLS OR REMOVE CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICE:
Yes, If you are planning on pregnancy you should stop taking a contraceptive pill a month before you start trying for a baby. Similarly, remove the contraceptive device 1-2 cycles before and give your body enough time to get ready for healthy conception.
ESSENTIAL MEDICAL TESTS FOR PRECONCEPTION CARE:
When you consult with your doctor after decided to get pregnant, she might be advised you some medical tests before pregnancy to prepare you for safe and healthy pregnancy. You can take it as a security check!
COMPLETE BLOOD COUNT(CBC) TEST: First of all the doctor might advise you for CBC test to check whether your hemoglobin (Hb) level is normal. You should not be anemic.
THYROID FUNCTION TEST: It is T3, T4, and TSH ( Thyroid Stimulating Hormone) to check the normal level. Suboptimal Thyroid function is not good for pregnancy or fetus.
RUBELLA IMMUNITY: It is a virus which can affect the pregnant mother or unborn fetus. It is easily prevented by vaccination. If you take the rubella vaccine, you will have to wait for a month before to get pregnant.
BETA THALASSEMIA TEST: It is a genetical and hereditary disease which finds in few peoples. Hence it is the test not for all. Its only depends on your family history. This gene can be presented in both male or female partner that can have serious implications for the infant. The other tests may be of epilepsy, diabetes, etc.
TAKE 4MG(400MCG) OF FOLIC ACID EVERY DAY FOR PRECONCEPTION CARE:
Folic acid or vitamin B9 plays an essential role in preconception care for the growth of your baby. A woman should start taking folic acid at least 2-3 months of preconception. It can help prevent major birth defects of the baby’s brain and spine.
Folic acid helps to bind the spinal tube of the baby during starting age of the pregnancy. Hence sufficient amount of Folic Acid is recommended at the time of conception and thereafter for your baby’s better growth.
Taking folic acid daily after planning and during pregnancy prevents the occurrence of baby’s birth defects such as Neural Tube Defects (birth defects of the brain, or spinal cord), Spina bifida (incomplete closing of the backbone and membranes), Anencephaly (absence of a major portion of the brain), etc.
STOP DRINKING ALCOHOL, SMOKING, AND USING STREET DRUGS
Stop taking Tobacco, Smoking, drinking alcohol, and using street drugs are also play an important part in preconception care. It can threats your pregnancy in terms of premature birth, birth defects, and even infant death.
Even passive smoking may also harm your baby. Hence you should try to get rid of immediately such things and keep away yourself from passive smoking.If you are planning a pregnancy and cannot stop drinking, smoking, or using drugs―get help! Contact your doctor or local rehabilitation center.
AVOID TOXIC SUBSTANCES AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINANTS:
Avoid environmental contaminants harmful materials and other toxic substances and at work or at home, such as fertilizer, metals, bug spray, synthetic chemicals, and cat or rodent feces. These substances can hurt the reproductive systems of women as well as men. They can create hurdles to get pregnant. Exposure to even small amounts of these substances during pregnancy, infancy, childhood, or puberty can lead to diseases.
MAINTAIN A HEALTHY WEIGHT:
People who are overweight or obese may have a risk for many serious conditions, including complications during pregnancy, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and endometriosis, breast, and colon cancer. People who are underweight may also at risk for serious health problems such as anemic.
LEARN YOUR FAMILY HISTORY:
You should Collect your family’s health history. It can be important for your child’s health. You might not realize that someone’s heart defect in your family or your cousin’s sickle–cell anemia could affect your child. You should share this family history information with your doctor.
Based on your family history, your doctor might suggest you for genetic counseling. Other reasons people go for genetic counseling include having had frequent miscarriages, trouble in getting pregnancy, infant deaths, a genetic condition or birth defect that occurred during a previous pregnancy.
You should keep away yourself from an area having high radiation such as high-frequency mobile towers. Also, you should protect yourself strictly at the time of the solar or lunar eclipse. Uses of mobile should be minimized and keep away from you while sleeping or keep in flight mode.
The radiation from mobile and mobile towers directly affects the fertility of men as well as women both. People who live near atomic power stations are at high risk for pregnancy.
AVOID STRESS FOR PRECONCEPTION CARE:
Recent studies have shown that Stress affects the fertility of men as well as women. In men, it may reduce the sperm count and in women, it may disruption to GnRH that may cause the insufficient release of hormones (that responsible for pregnancy) from the pituitary gland.
Hence always try to be in good mood. Watching good movies, listening light music and reading interesting and healthy books keeps you calm, cool and stress-free.
Plan your pregnancy, enjoy it with your partner and ask in the comment section, if you’ve any query!