Menstrual Period Or Cycle | Days, Symptoms & Problems
Recently Updated On: June 6th, 2018
What Is A Menstrual Period Or Menses Or Menstrual Cycle
Now, actually what is menses or a menstrual period? Biologically speaking, it refers to the shredding of the uterus wall in case no implantation of the embryo takes place or there is no pregnancy.
Within every 28 days, the uterus prepares itself for pregnancy by developing thick endometrial tissue which sheds in case no pregnancy is found.
This results in the release of blood through the vagina for 5-6 days.
The answer to a frequently asked question “How many days is a menstrual cycle “ is that the usual days between menstrual cycle is 28 in normal conditions but can vary from 24 to 35 days.
Menstrual Cycle Days
The new menstrual cycle starts from the 1st day of the period and the ovulation days start from about the 14th day.
Ideally, a period cycle is of 28 days but for most of the women, the menstrual cycle days do not stick to the same routine while fluctuate 4-5 days before or after.
The Short menstrual cycle can be of 24 days and the long period cycle of 35 days. But it cannot be regular month after a month.
If it happens continuously for more than two months, consult with your gynecologist. With the change in the hormonal balances, there arises the late period problem.
Ovulation Phase Or Luteal Phase
Ovulation phase is considered the right time for fertilizing or getting pregnant since during this phase the eggs are released for fertilization while the uterus starts preparing for the implantation process.
This phase starts around the 14th or the 15th day after your 1st day of the periods. During ovulation, your egg bursts from its follicle in the ovaries and moves to the fallopian tubes.
For women who are looking to conceive should keep a track of their ovulation phase since these are the fertile days and the best time to get pregnant.
Women with a late period problem have a difficulty in determining their ovulation period.
How Long Is Luteal Phase
Your luteal phase starts after ovulation until the beginning of menstruation (unless fertilization occurs). Basically, it is the second half of your cycle i.e usually starts from 14th or 15th day after your 1st day of the periods.
Menstrual Cycle Symptoms
Rarely do periods go silent? Well, our body continuously signifies us about the impending period through various changes both hormonal and physical from about a week before that.
These symptoms are also known as a Premenstrual syndrome (PMS). They vary from person to person, moods, stress level, age to age, PMS family history, etc and do not remain the same throughout our period life.
Some of the menstrual cycle symptoms include:
- Major cravings for specific food items like chocolates, sweets, etc.
- Fatigue or tiredness
- Sleepiness at unusual times or sleeplessness
- Abdominal bloating
- Muscles becoming sensitive
- Swelling breasts or sore breasts
- Depression or feeling low
- Overthinking behavior
- Too emotionally sensitive
- Bodily pain
These changes or behaviors happen due to the chemical changes in the body and generally depart with the departing period.
Menstrual Cycle Problems
No wonder they say that being a woman is the greatest challenge. Talking about periods, we cannot deny the fact about how painful periods can tend to be.
Menstrual cycle problems are really common among woman. For periods, some are tensed with too much of it while some are tensed because of none.
The bleeding pattern in ladies differ and some situations can be really problematic both for health and routine.
Some of the problems related are:
- Heavy Periods: This refers to a heavy flow of blood during periods which may continue for more than 5 days and usually accompanied by painful cramps and weakness.This may happen in case of periods after a long time or some women have the tendency of bleeding heavy.In case the bleeding is unusually heavy, see a doctor. This may also be a symptom of some vaginal infection, inflammation of the cervix that may lead to cervical cancer, etc.
- Missed Periods: This is really common these days due to pregnancy changing dietary patterns, stress levels, workouts, hormonal problems like polycystic ovarian syndrome( PCOS), thyroid problems, etc
3. Absent Periods: In case there are delaying periods or no periods for a long time or complete absenteeism of periods after puberty, after 16 yrs of age or even once the periods have started, there could be signs of severe PCOS, pregnancy, hyperthyroidism, sudden weight loss or menopause.