Diarrhea Treatment With Medicine | Diarrhea Causes And Symptoms

WHAT IS DIARRHEA & IT’S TREATMENT?diarrhea treatment

Diarrhea Treatment is necessary at home, whether it is mild or moderate. Because you cannot judge when abruptly the problem arises. Hence the primary diarrhoea treatment becomes essential before going to a doctor. Thus you are advised to keep some diarrhea medicine in your first aid box.

As you know in summer temperature at some states reaches to high till 45-degree centigrade or above. The high temperature, heat, humidity obstructs the daily life and also produce many diseases e.g. diarrhea, dysentery, high fever, diarrhea with vomiting, sunburn etc.

Out of them, diarrhea or loose motion is a very common disease that affects life. As per UNICEF data (www.data.unicef.org), approximately 1 child die(5.26 lakh /annum)  of diarrhea every minute at the earth due to heat, contaminated water, and malnutrition.

Here providing you the information about diarrhea causes, symptoms, treatment and diarrhea medicine with easy doses as first aid treatment. But before that, let us know- What is Diarrhea?

Do you know- the passing of increased amounts of loose stool including water and salts is called diarrhea. This increased amount is more than 300 g in a day. Diarrhea is generally caused by virus, bacteria or parasites. Hence the treatment of diarrhea will be accordingly.

It is characterized by two parts- Acute diarrhea(sudden and for short period of time) – lasting for 2-3 days and chronic diarrhea(for long lasting) lasting for 2-3 weeks.

Sometimes it is characterized by vomiting and abdominal cramps following ingestion of some irritant or infected food. It is called Acute Gastroenteritis.  It is caused by ingestion of Salmonella organism or fungi like Candida albicans.

DIARRHEA CAUSES AND SYMPTOMS:

diarrhea cause and symptoms

Usually, diarrhea causes due to consumption of contaminated drinking water, uncooked, unhygienic edibles or sometimes food that would not have preserved at the required temperature.

In medical terms, we can say- micro-organism irritates the mucous membrane of the large or small intestine, leads to discharge the abnormal quantity of water in motion.

DIARRHEA CAUSES:

diarrhea causes

Here are some causes of diarrhea or can say types of diarrhea:

DIARRHEA SYMPTOMS:

diarrhea symptoms

diarrhea symptoms

Besides passing of stools, you may experience some other sign and symptoms of diarrhea, that are:

DIARRHEA: WHAT TO EAT

diarrhea what to eat

While everything is passing out and nothing or very few is staying in your stomach, it is difficult to think- what to eat during diarrhea? 

Here the answer is- Initially, the patient should be given a bland diet with added salt and sour lime. If there is no vomiting, over 2L of fluid should be given in the form of soup, coconut water, fresh fruit juice, kanji, dal water or barley water.

Milk and milk products should be avoided for up to three days. It can start after the condition gets better. Soft foods like bananas, mashed potatoes, soft rice, toast, and biscuits can be given if the patient tolerates them or soon after the condition clears up.

A number of fluids given should be such that the patient has a urine output of 1 – 1.5 liters/day.

WHAT NOT TO EAT WHEN YOU HAVE DIARRHEA:

WHAT NOT TO EAT WHEN YOU HAVE DIARRHEA

WHAT NOT TO EAT WHEN YOU HAVE DIARRHEA

Some foods should be avoided during diarrhea, since it may stimulate bowel movement hence increase diarrhea. Treatment at home will not possible in that case or if severe diarrhea. Thus you should know what not to eat when you have diarrhea :

  • Oily foods
  • Spicy foods
  • Fast foods
  • Foods with rich sauces
  • Fatty cuts of meat
  • Citrus fruit
  • Artificial sugar
  • Too much fiber
  • Peppermint

Certain foods have well documented as gassiest producing edibles. These foods may harmful during diarrhea and should be avoided E.g.:

vegetables stimulate diarrhea

Gassiest Producing Foods

  • Beans
  • Broccoli
  • Cabbage
  • Cauliflower
  • Onions

The patient should also avoid chewing gum because it contains sorbitol that stimulates diarrhea. During traveling use mineral water only.

DIARRHEA TREATMENT:

You can treat diarrhea safely, usually at home by given primary treatment of diarrhea to your patient.

Normally it is eliminated within a week if it is due to viral or parasitic.

Bacterial diarrhea also recovered in 3-5 days after given diarrhea medicine that should be advisable under the supervision of a doctor.

[There is no method to distinguish between viral and bacterial diarrhea except pathological verification]

As First Aid diarrhea treatment loperamide should start as Diarrhea medicine. Loperamide is an antidiarrheal or anti-motility drug that reduces stool passage. Loperamide can be taken as it is a safe and well-tolerated anti-diarrheal agent.

It could slow colonic transit time allowing the colon to absorb more water and to make the stools harder. But it should not be given in the condition if blood or pus found in motion or with a high fever.

diarrhea treatment

Diarrhea Medicine With Doses

Doses of -LOPERAMIDE 2MG

Usual Adult Dose for Diarrhea Treatment – Acute

Doses of LOPERAMIDE Tablets, capsules, and liquid:
Initial: 4 mg orally after the first loose stool, then
Maintenance: 2 mg after each loose stool, not to exceed 16 mg in any 24-hour period. Clinical improvement is usually observed within 48 hours.
Doses of LOPERAMIDE Chewable tablets:
Initial: 4 mg after the first loose stool, then
Maintenance: 2 mg after each subsequent loose stool, but not exceeding 8 mg in 24 hours.

Usual Adult Doses of LOPERAMIDE for Diarrhea Treatment – Chronic

Doses of LOPERAMIDE Tablets, capsules, and liquid:
Initial: 4 mg orally once followed by 2 mg orally after each loose stool, not to exceed 16 mg in any 24-hour period.
Maintenance: The average daily maintenance dosage is 4 to 8 mg.

Clinical improvement is usually observed within 10 days. If clinical improvement is not observed at a maximum dosage of 16 mg for duration of 10 days, symptoms are unlikely to be controlled by further administration.

Usual Pediatric Dose of LOPERAMIDE for Diarrhea Treatment- Acute

Dose of LOPERAMIDE for 2 to 6 years (13 to 20 kg):
Liquid formulation only to be used in this age group.
Initial: 1 mg orally 3 times a day for the first day, then
Maintenance: 0.1 mg/kg/dose after each loose stool, but not exceeding initial dose.

Dose of LOPERAMIDE for 6 to 8 years (20 to 30 kg):
Tablets, capsules, and liquid:
Initial: 2 mg orally twice a day for the first day, then
Maintenance: 0.1 mg/kg/dose after each loose stool, but not exceeding initial dose.
Dose of LOPERAMIDE Chewable tablets:
Initial: 2 mg orally after the first loose stool, then
Maintenance: 1 mg orally after each subsequent loose stool, but not exceeding 4 mg in 24 hours.

Dose of LOPERAMIDE for 8 to 12 years (greater than 30 kg):
Tablets, capsules, and liquid:
Initial: 2 mg orally 3 times a day for the first day, then
Maintenance: 0.1 mg/kg/dose after each loose stool, but not exceeding initial dose.
Chewable tablets:
Initial: 2 mg orally after the first loose stool, then
Maintenance: 1 mg orally after each subsequent loose stool, but not exceeding 6 mg in 24 hours.

Dose of LOPERAMIDE for 12 to 18 years:
Tablets, chewable tablets, capsules, and liquid:
Initial: 4 mg after the first loose stool, then
Maintenance: 2 mg after each subsequent loose stool, but not exceeding 8 mg in 24 hours.

Usual Pediatric Dose for Diarrhea Treatment- Chronic

Dose of LOPERAMIDE for less than 2 years:
The therapeutic dose for the treatment of chronic diarrhea has not been established for this patient population.[source:https://www.drugs.com/dosage/loperamide.html]

 

[If not benefitted after taking 3-4 doses of Loperamide consecutively, then the use of probiotics will be helpful.]probiotics

 

PROBIOTIC DOSESChild: 1 tablespoonful two times a day of FLORA BC Dry Syp [probiotic prescription medicine- not recommended without prescription]

PROBIOTIC DOSES: Above 12 yrs: Probiotic Sachet  once in a day

 

 BACTERIAL DIARRHEA TREATMENT:

bacterial diarrhea

If not benefitted even after taking three doses of PROBIOTICS, Your doctor can recommend you the antibiotic(Ofloxacin  + Ornidazole). 

Ofloxacin-Tab / Suspension ( antibiotic )  (Doses ‘chart’ agewise-weightwise given below )

Ofloxacin Doses For Children: 10 mg/kg body wt/day divided in 2 doses (every 12 hrs)

E.g.- if patient’s weight is 10kg then (10kg x 10mg=100mg) divide it in two equal doses(50mg each) & take each 50mg with interval of 12hrs;

Ofloxacin Doses For Adult : ofloxacin 200mg twice in a day before or after food  for min 3-5 days

Along with

Ornidazole-tab / Suspension [Doses chart agewise-weightwise given below]

Ornidazole Doses for Children : 25 mg/kg body wt/day divided in 2 equal doses (every 12 hrs)

E.g. if patient’s weight is 10kg then 10kg x 25mg=250mg divide it in two equal doses(125mg each) & take each 125mg with interval of 12 hrs;

Ornidazole Doses for Adult : Ornidazole 500mg tab twice in a day before or after food for min 3-5 days

 

[Some brands available in combination(Ofloxacin  200mg+ Ornidazole 500mg) in right quantity ]

 

An antibiotic contains (Ofloxacin 50mg  + Ornidazole 125mg)/ 5ml Suspension  e.g. O2 Suspension for children up to 12 yrs : 

[medicine can be taken before or after the meal; doses should be with a gap of 12 hrs]

 

Age 1-2yrs [wt-10-12kg]

 

Doses: 100mg- 120mg of

ofloxacin with proportionate

given ratio of Ornidazole

Oral combine suspension:

5-6ml

[twice in a day]

Age2-4yrs [wt-12-16kg]

 

Doses:120-160mg

Oral combine suspension:6-8ml

[twice in a day]

Age4-6yrs [wt-16-20kg] Doses:160-200mg

Oral combine suspension:8ml – 10ml

[twice in a day]

Age6-8yrs [wt-20-26kg]

 

Doses:200-260mg

Oral combine suspension:10ml -12ml

[twice in a day]

Age8-10yrs [wt-26-30kg] Doses: 260mg- 300mg

Oral combine suspension:12ml -15ml

or 3/4 combination tab

[twice in a day]

Age10-12yrs [wt-30-39kg] Doses:  300mg-390mg

Oral susp: 16.5ml-19.5ml

0r 3/4 to 1 combination tab 

[twice in a day]

Age12-14yrs [wt-40-50kg]

 

Doses:

1 combination tab

[twice in a day]

 

Age between 14yrs and 65yrs [wt > 50kg] Doses:

1 combination tab [twice in a day]

 

NOTE: If any variation between age and weight,  give doses as per the weight.

[You Should Keep this diarrhea medicine In Your First Aid Kit]

If the patient is suffering from vomiting along with diarrhea,

Read :

 

 

[The information at this site is not a suitable for medical advice. Always consult your doctor or pharmacist prior to take any medicine]

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Comment ( 1 )
  1. Vinish
    July 4, 2017 at 1:25 pm
    Reply

    Informative

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