Diarrhea Causes And Symptoms | Diarrhea Medicine With Doses

Recently Updated On: March 16th, 2018

diarrhea medicine with doses

As you know in summer temperature at some states reaches to high till 45-degree centigrade or above. The high temperature, heat, humidity obstructs the daily life and also produce many diseases e.g. diarrhea, dysentery, high fever, diarrhea with vomiting, sunburn etc.

Out of them, diarrhea or loose motion is a very common disease that affects life. As per UNICEF data (www.data.unicef.org), approximately 1 child die(5.26 lakh /annum)  of diarrhea every minute at the earth due to heat, contaminated water, and malnutrition.

Here providing you the information about diarrhea causes, symptoms, treatment and diarrhea medicine with easy doses as first aid treatment.

WHAT IS DIARRHEA or ACUTE GASTROENTERITIS?

what is diarrhea

 

Do you know- the passing of increased amounts of loose stool including water and salts is called diarrhea. This increased amount is more than 300 g in a day. Diarrhea is generally caused by virus, bacteria or parasites.

It is characterized by two parts- Acute diarrhea(sudden and for short period of time) – lasting for 2-3 days and chronic diarrhea(for long lasting) lasting for 2-3 weeks.

Sometimes it is characterized by vomiting and abdominal cramps following ingestion of some irritant or infected food. It is called Acute Gastroenteritis.  It is caused by ingestion of Salmonella organism or fungi like Candida albicans.

DIARRHEA CAUSES AND SYMPTOMS:

diarrhea cause and symptoms

Usually, diarrhea causes due to consumption of contaminated drinking water, uncooked, unhygienic edibles or sometimes food that would not have preserved at the required temperature.

In medical terms, we can say- micro-organism irritates the mucous membrane of the large or small intestine, leads to discharge the abnormal quantity of water in motion.

DIARRHEA CAUSES:

diarrhea causes

Or Types of Diarrhea:

DIARRHEA SYMPTOMS:

diarrhea symptoms

DIARRHEA: WHAT TO EAT

diarrhea what to eat

 Initially, the patient should be given a bland diet with added salt and sour lime. If there is no vomiting, over 2L of fluid should be given in the form of soup, coconut water, fresh fruit juice, kanji, dal water or barley water.

Milk and milk products should be avoided for up to three days. It can start after the condition gets better. Soft foods like bananas, mashed potatoes, soft rice, toast, and biscuits can be given if the patient tolerates them or soon after the condition clears up.

A number of fluids given should be such that the patient has a urine output of 1 – 1.5 liters/day.

WHAT NOT TO EAT WHEN YOU HAVE DIARRHEA:

WHAT NOT TO EAT WHEN YOU HAVE DIARRHEA

Some foods should be avoided that may stimulate diarrhea:

  • Oily foods
  • Spicy foods
  • Fast foods
  • Foods with rich sauces
  • Fatty cuts of meat
  • Citrus fruit
  • Artificial sugar
  • Too much fiber
  • Peppermint

Certain foods have well documented as gassiest producing edibles that should be avoided E.g.

vegetables stimulate diarrhea

  • Beans
  • Broccoli
  • Cabbage
  • Cauliflower
  • Onions

The patient should also avoid chewing gum because it contains sorbitol that stimulates diarrhea. During traveling use mineral water only.

DIARRHEA MEDICINE:

You can treat diarrhea safely, usually at home by given primary treatment to your patient. Normally it is eliminated within a week if it is due to viral or parasitic. Bacterial diarrhea also recovered in 3-5 days after given diarrhea medicine that should be advisable under the supervision of a doctor.

 

[There is no method to distinguish between viral and bacterial diarrhea except pathological verification].

As First Aid treatment loperamide can start as Diarrhea medicine. Loperamide is an antidiarrheal or anti-motility drug that reduces stool passage. Loperamide can be taken as it is a safe and well-tolerated anti-diarrheal agent.

It could slow colonic transit time allowing the colon to absorb more water and to make the stools harder. But it should not be given in the condition if blood or pus found in motion or with a high fever.

diarrhea medicine with doses

Doses of LOPERAMIDE 2MG

Usual Adult Dose for Diarrhea – Acute

Tablets, capsules, and liquid:
Initial: 4 mg orally after the first loose stool, then
Maintenance: 2 mg after each loose stool, not to exceed 16 mg in any 24-hour period. Clinical improvement is usually observed within 48 hours.
Chewable tablets:
Initial: 4 mg after the first loose stool, then
Maintenance: 2 mg after each subsequent loose stool, but not exceeding 8 mg in 24 hours.

Usual Adult Dose for Diarrhea – Chronic

Tablets, capsules, and liquid:
Initial: 4 mg orally once followed by 2 mg orally after each loose stool, not to exceed 16 mg in any 24-hour period.
Maintenance: The average daily maintenance dosage is 4 to 8 mg. Clinical improvement is usually observed within 10 days. If clinical improvement is not observed at a maximum dosage of 16 mg for duration of 10 days, symptoms are unlikely to be controlled by further administration.

Usual Pediatric Dose for Diarrhea – Acute

2 to 6 years (13 to 20 kg):
Liquid formulation only to be used in this age group.
Initial: 1 mg orally 3 times a day for the first day, then
Maintenance: 0.1 mg/kg/dose after each loose stool, but not exceeding initial dose.

6 to 8 years (20 to 30 kg):
Tablets, capsules, and liquid:
Initial: 2 mg orally twice a day for the first day, then
Maintenance: 0.1 mg/kg/dose after each loose stool, but not exceeding initial dose.
Chewable tablets:
Initial: 2 mg orally after the first loose stool, then
Maintenance: 1 mg orally after each subsequent loose stool, but not exceeding 4 mg in 24 hours.

8 to 12 years (greater than 30 kg):
Tablets, capsules, and liquid:
Initial: 2 mg orally 3 times a day for the first day, then
Maintenance: 0.1 mg/kg/dose after each loose stool, but not exceeding initial dose.
Chewable tablets:
Initial: 2 mg orally after the first loose stool, then
Maintenance: 1 mg orally after each subsequent loose stool, but not exceeding 6 mg in 24 hours.

12 to 18 years:
Tablets, chewable tablets, capsules, and liquid:
Initial: 4 mg after the first loose stool, then
Maintenance: 2 mg after each subsequent loose stool, but not exceeding 8 mg in 24 hours.

Usual Pediatric Dose for Diarrhea – Chronic

less than 2 years:
The therapeutic dose for the treatment of chronic diarrhea has not been established for this patient population.[source:https://www.drugs.com/dosage/loperamide.html]

 

[If not benefitted after taking 3-4 doses of Loperamide consecutively, then the use of probiotics will be helpful.]probiotics

 

DOSESChild:- 1 tablespoonful two times a day of FLORA BC Dry Syp [probiotic prescription medicine- not recommended without prescription]

Above 12 yrs: Probiotic Sachet  once in a day

 

 BACTERIAL DIARRHEA MEDICINE:

bacterial diarrhea

If not benefitted even after taking three doses of PROBIOTICS, Your doctor can recommend you the antibiotic(Ofloxacin  + Ornidazole). 

Ofloxacin-Tab / Suspension ( antibiotic )  (Doses ‘chart’ agewise-weightwise givenbelow )

Doses For Children: 10 mg/kg body wt/day divided in 2 doses (every 12 hrs)

E.g.- if patient’s weight is 10kg then (10kg x 10mg=100mg) divide it in two equal doses(50mg each) & take each 50mg with interval of 12hrs;

Doses For Adult : ofloxacin 200mg twice in a day before or after food  for min 3-5 days

Along with

Ornidazole-tab / Suspension [Doses chart agewise-weightwise given below]

Doses for Children : 25 mg/kg body wt/day divided in 2 equal doses (every 12 hrs)

E.g. if patient’s weight is 10kg then 10kg x 25mg=250mg divide it in two equal doses(125mg each) & take each 125mg with interval of 12 hrs;

Doses for Adult : Ornidazole 500mg tab twice in a day before or after food for min 3-5 days

 

[Some brands available in combination(Ofloxacin  200mg+ Ornidazole 500mg) in right quantity]

 

An antibiotic contains (Ofloxacin 50mg  + Ornidazole 125mg)/ 5ml Suspension  for children up to 12 yrs : 

[medicine can be taken before or after the meal; doses should be with a gap of 12 hrs]

 

Age 1-2yrs [wt-10-12kg]

 

Doses: 100mg- 120mg of

ofloxacin with proportionate

given ratio of Ornidazole

Oral combine suspension:

5-6ml

[twice in a day]

Age2-4yrs [wt-12-16kg]

 

Doses:120-160mg

Oral combine suspension:6-8ml

[twice in a day]

Age4-6yrs [wt-16-20kg] Doses:160-200mg

Oral combine suspension:8ml – 10ml

[twice in a day]

Age6-8yrs [wt-20-26kg]

 

Doses:200-260mg

Oral combine suspension:10ml -12ml

[twice in a day]

Age8-10yrs [wt-26-30kg] Doses: 260mg- 300mg

Oral combine suspension:12ml -15ml

or 3/4 combination tab

[twice in a day]

Age10-12yrs [wt-30-39kg] Doses:  300mg-390mg

Oral susp: 16.5ml-19.5ml

0r 3/4 to 1 combination tab 

[twice in a day]

Age12-14yrs [wt-40-50kg]

 

Doses:

1 combination tab

[twice in a day]

 

Age between 14yrs and 65yrs [wt > 50kg] Doses:

1 combination tab [twice in a day]

 

NOTE: If any variation between age and weight,  give doses as per the weight.

[You Should Keep this diarrhea medicine In Your First Aid Kit]

If the patient is suffering from vomiting along with diarrhea,

 

 

[The information at this site is not a suitable for medical advice. Always consult your doctor or pharmacist prior to take any medicine]

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Comments ( 2 )
  1. Vinish
    July 4, 2017 at 1:25 pm
    Reply

    Informative

    • admin
      July 4, 2017 at 8:09 pm
      Reply

      Thanks!

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