Constipation During Pregnancy | Prevention And Treatment
Recently Updated On: March 16th, 2018
CONSTIPATION DURING PREGNANCY
Constipation during pregnancy is a common problem. Almost fifty percent pregnant women complaints constipation during pregnancy especially in the second and third trimester.
Progesterone (a main hormone of pregnancy) is one of the reason behind constipation during pregnancy. Progesterone relaxes smooth muscles throughout the body, including the digestive tract.
It slows down the peristalses movement (food’s movement) of food through the intestines by decreasing the strength and frequency of bowel contractions.
Due to less movement, the digestive food gradually becomes stuck in the intestine. Unfortunately, by the end, if these wastes become dehydrated, the stool becomes compact and hard, making it more uncomfortable to pass.
It can say that if women will not have a bowel movement for five or more days. This is called constipation and it can be very uncomfortable.
Moreover, the problem may be compounded in later stages of pregnancy, when the pressure of your growing uterus goes higher on your rectum.
Constipation induced medicines such as a high dose of Iron supplements worsen the problem.
Besides this another reasons are like- anxiety, excessive thinking, worry, minimal physical exercise, and a low-fiber diet may also cause constipation.
SEVERE CONSTIPATION DURING PREGNANCY
You should follow the 15-essential foods to eat chart to avoid severe Constipation during pregnancy. A rich fiber diet helps not only prevents constipation but It also supplies antioxidants, minerals, and vitamins to pregnant women.
Severe constipation can lead to swollen veins in the rectal area, which can make you uncomfortable and also not good for pregnancy.
It is mandatory for pregnant women to consume 25 to 30 grams of dietary fiber daily. She should also intake of 3 to 4 liter of water each day to stay healthy and avoid constipation.
CONSTIPATION DURING PREGNANCY SYMPTOMS
Sometimes constipation can be the result of an underlying medical condition that is more serious. If you have constipation along with the following symptoms, talk to your gynecologist immediately.
Your doctor may advise you to consult with a physician. This is an indication of more serious medical conditions:
- Persistent abdominal pain
- Long, thin, pencil-like stools
- Severe abdominal distension
- Dark and tarry stools
- Constipation that alternates with diarrhea
- Bloody stools
- Unexplained weight loss
CONSTIPATION DURING PREGNANCY SECOND TRIMESTER
You may get constipation in early pregnancy or in the first trimester, but it usually becomes more prone to a problem from 20 weeks or second trimester onwards.
Hence rich fiber foods and plenty of water intakes may prevent this problem to become chronic.
CONSTIPATION DURING PREGNANCY THIRD TRIMESTER
Due to the growing size of your uterus, there may be a lot of gas formation, especially in your third trimester of pregnancy. The gas formation may blocks the excretion of waste from your body, resulting in constipation.
Also as described above Progesterone is another reason that slows down the digestion process and causes constipation.
WHAT TO TAKE FOR CONSTIPATION WHILE PREGNANT
- Eat high-fiber foods: You should eat 15-essential foods including whole grain cereals and bread, brown rice, beans, fresh fruits, and vegetables every day.
Even if you start these foods in mid of your pregnancy you may notice a difference within few days.
- Drink plenty of water: Try to have 3 to 4 liter of water including other beverages such as prune or other fruit juice daily. Make sure your urine is clear or pale yellow in color – a sign of adequate hydration.
- Exercise regularly: Walking, swimming, riding, and yoga can all ease constipation and leave you feeling more fit and healthy. Also, Kegels exercise can help keep you regular when practiced regularly.
- Try another prenatal iron/ vitamin: Check your prenatal multivitamin, it contains a large dose of iron (and you’re not anemic), ask your doctor about switching to a supplement with less iron.
WHAT NOT TO TAKE FOR CONSTIPATION WHILE PREGNANT
- Apart from 17-Foods that should not take, laxative pills are also NOT recommended for the treatment of constipation during pregnancy.
It might stimulate uterine contractions and cause dehydration that may lead to abortion.
- Mineral oils should NOT be used during pregnancy because they slow down nutrients absorption.
IMMEDIATE CONSTIPATION RELIEF DURING PREGNANCY
To relieve constipation during pregnancy, your doctor may recommend a stool softener, like DulcoEase Pink®Stool Softener. That is usually safe during pregnancy. But you should talk to your doctor before taking it.
WHY STOOL SOFTNER NOT LAXATIVE PILLS?
Stool softeners prevent or treat constipation by making the stools soft. That is the reason behind most stool softeners takes 1 to 3 days to show their efficacy.
While laxatives work directly on bowel movements and make them increase. That might simultaneously stimulate uterine contractions and may harm the pregnancy.
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