Baby Ear Infection | Prevention And Treatment

Baby Ear InfectionBaby Ear Infection

Baby ear infection is caused usually by bacteria and found as an inflammation of the middle ear. Five out of six children will have an ear infection by their third birthday.

The scientific name for ear infection is otitis media. There are some signs of a baby ear infection to know if your infant is suffering from:

  • Pulling the ear
  • Fussing or crying
  • Trouble in sleeping
  • Fever
  • Fluid draining from the ear
  • Clumsiness in balance
  • Trouble in hearing to quiet sounds

Ear Infection In Toddlers

There is no much difference in meaning or treatment of ear infection in toddlers but only children between 6 months and 2 years can be given an antibiotic for 5-10 days and children over the age of 2 years can be given antibiotics for 5 days.

Baby Ear Discharge 

Ear discharge means draining of blood, ear wax, pus or fluid from the infected ear. A ruptured or infected eardrum causes a white, mixed with slight blood, or even yellow discharge from the ear.

During baby ear discharge, the eardrum may bleed. 

Causes Of A Ruptured Eardrum Are-

  • Inserting cotton-tipped swabs or other small objects into the ear
  • Middle ear infection
  • Injury from very loud noises
  • Injury due to sudden pressure changes such as in airplanes
  • Skin irritations in the ear canal

Baby Ear Infection Vs Teething

Baby ear infection Vs teething can be known by differentiating the symptoms-

Symptoms Of An Ear Teething 

  • Tugging at the ear when there are no cold symptoms.
  • Fussiness with no cold symptoms.
  • May have a fever of less than 38ºC.
  • It does not cause a runny nose.

 Symptoms Of An Ear Infection

  • Cold symptoms
  • Complaining about ear pain
  • Slightly hearing loss
  • Night waking up more frequently
  • Fever (usually low grade ranging 101º – 102º)
  • Ear drainage

Baby Ear Wax  

Baby earwax is basically made up of dead skin cells which are thick and sticky in nature, produced by the glands lining the ear.

Wax is generated almost all the time in ears. Usually, we see ear wax occurring when parents try to clean the ears with cotton swabs.

They feel that they are cleaning the ear with full care but they actually push and force the wax back inside the ear and later on it creates blockage there.

So using a washcloth is prescribed for cleaning the ear instead of cotton swabs.

How To Prevent Ear Infections In Babies

Now what we need to know is ‘how to prevent ear infections in babies’, so following are some of the ways to reduce the risk of baby ear infection’

  • Get your child vaccinated against the flu, influenza or flu should be vaccinated every year.
  • 13 valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine(PCV 13) is recommended by doctors for babies.
  • Parents should wash their hands frequently in order to prevent the spread of germs.
  • Never make your baby sleep down with a bottle.
  • Don’t allow your child to spend a lot of time together with a sick child. Try to limit the time.
  • Make your baby eat more and more fruits and vegetables so that the immune system can become strong.
  • Getting wet the inner ear while bathing may lead to getting an infection, hence be always avoided.

Baby Ear Infection Treatment 

Following are some of the baby ear infection treatment-

Over The Counter Medication

For the babies of 6 months or older, suffering from an ear infection are given acetaminophen or Paracetamol to relieve pain or fever. Always ask your doctor before giving any medicine to your child.

Warm Compress

Another way to ease the pain of baby ear infection, holding a warm compress to the child’s ear will help.

Fluids

Swallowing more and more and drinking more and more fluid will help in draining the middle ear and relieve the painful pressure.

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