Foods Not To Eat During Pregnancy
If you are Pregnant, then It is the most precious moment of your life. These are the days when everybody is caring you especially in terms of food.
You should be cautious about what to eat and what Foods not to eat during pregnancy. Because the food consumed by you may directly affect the health of the child.
But whatever you eat, one thing always to remember- Wash all edibles such as fruits, vegetables, and salads to remove all traces of soil and visible dirt before using them.
There are some foods might make you ill or harm your baby. Here you know the important facts about which foods not to eat during pregnancy :
Listeria is a type of bacteria that can harm your baby in the womb. It mostly presents in soft blue-veined cheeses. Since it is important to take special precautions in pregnancy.
You should also avoid such type of cheeses. Although infection with listeria (listeriosis) is rare its severity may lead to being chances of miscarriage, stillbirth or severe illness in a newborn baby. Hence listeria contains foods not to eat during pregnancy.
You can eat hard cheeses. Even they’re made with unpasteurized milk. Since Hard cheeses don’t contain as much water as soft cheeses so there is less chance to grow bacteria in them.
If you wish to take other types of cheese make sure they’re made from pasteurized milk. They include cream cheese, processed cheeses such as cheese spreads or paneer.
Peanuts are the rich source of proteins. Hence it should be the part of your food to eat list unless you are allergic to them.
Either you are known for this allergy or your health professional advises you not to take it. In that case, peanuts during pregnancy should not be the part of your balanced diet, since any type of allergy creates a high risk for the pregnancy.
3. SESAME SEEDS (TIL)
Indian old wifes have been using dry sesame seeds as a medicine for causing abortion for a long time. Sesame seeds during pregnancy stimulate the uterine muscles that lead to the expulsion of the fertilized ovum and abortion may occur.
It is advisable to avoid it during pregnancy, especially the first 3-4 months.
- First Trimester Pregnancy Precautions- Do’s and Don’ts
- Second Trimester Pregnancy Precautions- Do’s and Don’ts
- Third Trimester Pregnancy Precautions- Do’s and Don’ts
Papaya is also said to be one of the causes of abortion. Consuming papaya during pregnancy may be dangerous. Raw and unripe papaya contains a substance called latex, which causes uterine contractions.
Papaya contains Papain and pepsin that restricts fetal growth. It is advised by the nutritionists and experts to strictly not to eat unripe papaya during pregnancy.
5. UNPASTEURIZED MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS
Use pasteurized milk during pregnancy. If not available, boil the unpasteurized milk before consuming it as it kills germs and prevents disease-causing microbes which can be harmful to the growth of the baby.
The high amount of caffeine during pregnancy may increase the risk of miscarriage, low birth weight and experiencing a difficult birth. Caffeine content products are: coffee, tea, chocolate, and is added to some type of soft drinks and energy drinks.
Some medicines for flu and cold also contains caffeine. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking these medicines.
You don’t need to cut out caffeine completely but don’t have more than 300mg a day. The approximate amounts of caffeine found in food and drinks are:
- one cup of instant coffee: 60-80mg
- one cup of filter coffee: 60-120mg
- one cup of tea: 10-50mg
- one 375g can of cola: 48.75mg
- one 250ml can of energy drink: 80mg
- one 100g bar of milk chocolate: around 20mg.
7. PRE-PACKAGED AND PRESERVATIVE FOODS
Avoid Pre-prepared or pre-packaged fruit, refined flour like bread, noodles, pasta, cookies, pizza, etc or vegetable salads, including those from buffets and salad bars, have a higher risk of ‘listeria’ contamination.
Preservative food items like pickles, sauces, chutneys are also the foods not advisable to eat during pregnancy.
8. EGGPLANT OR BRINJAL
Eggplant or Brinjal is a veggie which is common to almost all Indian families. It is considered to be in treating amenorrhea (absence of a women’s menstrual period) and premenstrual disorder.
Consequently, on this premise, it is not advisable to consume brinjal during pregnancy. However, consuming them in little quantity once in a while should not pose an issue.
Ajinomoto (Monosodium Glutamate) is used extensively in street food and is now widely used as a ‘flavor enhancer’ in households too. It is mostly used in Chinese food preparation, which is a preferred cuisine of the people of India but health wise it is not beneficial.
Ajinomoto can majorly affect the development of the brain in the fetus. Hence, it is advised to avoid its consumption to a large extent to protect the growth of the baby.
Due to containing Bromelain, a compound for softening the cervix Pineapple during pregnancy may lead to unsuccessful labor to miscarriage. Pineapple may also be the reason behind the abortion and premature birth.
Similar to Brinjal, pineapple may safe in small quantity.
11. FENNEL(SAUNF) AND FENUGREEK SEEDS(METHI DANA)
You can use a small quantity of these ingredients for taste but eating fennel during pregnancy consistently in a large amount is not advisable.
The Large amount and Regular use of these ingredients are not good for pregnancy.
As These seeds contain a high amount of phytoestrogens, which fortifies the compression of the uterine bladder. This leads to purify the uterus hence results in miscarriage.
It also boosts milk production (stimulating dopamine) and furthermore has the potential to stimulate menstruation that may risk of shedding pregnancy.
Grapes also contain a compound called Resveratrol that can pose numerous difficulties in balancing the hormones of a pregnant lady.
Over usage of grapes during pregnancy may create stomach related problems and difficulties.
RAW OR PARTIALLY COOKED FOOD
Make sure that eggs are thoroughly cooked until the whites and yolks are solid. This prevents the risk of salmonella food poisoning. Salmonella is a bacteria that causes food poisoning results in diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps.
Avoid raw and undercooked eggs. If you wish to have partially cooked eggs or the dishes that contain raw you should use pasteurized liquid egg.
Not only eggs but cut meat, including meat patties, minced meat, burgers, and poultry foods also should not eat during pregnancy as raw or undercooked.
Lunch meat, deli meat, and Hot dogs are also of a great concern. Various bacteria develop in these type of meat during processing or storage.
This will help to avoid the spread of harmful bugs such as salmonella, campylobacter and E. coli O157 that can cause food poisoning
Avoid all types of pâté, including vegetable pâtés, as they can contain listeria. Pâté is a mixture of cooked ground meat and fat minced into a spreadable paste.
Common additions include vegetables, herbs, spices, and either wine or brandy.
16. SUPPLEMENTS CONTAINING VITAMIN A DURING PREGNANCY
Don’t take high-dose of Vitamin A. Fish liver oil supplements or any supplements containing higher vitamin A during pregnancy may be harmful. Liver pâté or liver sausage also can harmful, as they may contain a lot of vitamin A.
17. TYPES OF FISH
Fish contains protein and essential omega-3 fatty acids hence recommended in pregnancy. But it also contains high mercury which is harmful to the baby in the womb. It can cause damage to the brain and the nervous system of the baby.
If you wish to have fish, choose fish with low levels of mercury. You may choose shark (flake) or broadbill swordfish having a low level of mercury.
Marlin fish is also safe during pregnancy. But remember don’t take more than once a fortnight and don’t eat any other fish during that fortnight.
Orange roughy and catfish are the fishes to avoid during pregnancy more than once a week with another product containing mercury during that week. The product like raw shellfish contains listeria contamination, hence avoided.
It is difficult to keep your hands off from these delightful delicacies but avoiding the above-mentioned list of food items will help you enjoy a safe pregnancy.Evading these food items through your journey of pregnancy will help you and your baby stay fit and healthy.
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